Chapter 03

For each term below, first note how you would define the term. Then, click on the arrow to reveal the book’s definition.

Affective state

Temporary positive or negative feelings that influence and are influenced by exercise behavior.


The absence of motivation and/or lack of intention to engage in a behavior.


An individual’s positive or negative evaluations of a something (e.g., physical activity).

Contextual motivation

A relatively stable pattern of motivation experienced in a particular context.

Coping efficacy

Self-efficacy for overcoming barriers or challenges to exercise.


A theory that motivation is predicated on an individual’s expected behavioral outcome and the value the individual places on the predicted outcome.

External regulation

The process of engaging in a behavior for the purpose of obtaining an external reward or avoiding an externally applied punishment.

Extrinsic motivation

Motivation that is induced by a force outside the individual.

Global motivation

The degree of motivation normally experienced by an individual across most behavioral domains.

Identified regulation

The process of engaging in behavior motivated by personal goals.


Picturing an object or behavior in the mind; imagery uses some or all of the body’s senses (sight, sound, touch, taste, smell).

Integrated regulation

The process of engaging in a behavior in order to confirm one’s sense of self.

Intrinsic motivation

Motivation that emanates from within a person.

Introjected regulation

A self-imposed source of pressure to engage in a behavior.


The process of accomplishing or completing a goal; the thorough learning and performance of a skill, technique, or behavior.


A visual representation of a phenomenon or behavior.


The degree of determination, drive, or desire with which an individual approaches or avoids a behavior.

Past performance accomplishments

The degree of success perceived by an individual who has previously engaged in activities similar to or the same as the current behavior.

Perceived behavioral control (PBC)

The degree of personal control an individual perceives he or she has over a behavior.

Physiological state

Temporary physical condition of the body (e.g., feelings of pain and fatigue or rapid heart rate).

Scheduling efficacy

Confidence in one’s abilities to schedule and manage exercise behavior.


Autonomous, self-dependent behavior.


The extent to which an individual believes she or he will be successful in performing a desired behavior, given the situation and the abilities that the individual possesses.

Situational motivation

Motivation experienced in a particular activity at a specific point in time.

Social cognitive approach

An approach based on the view that exercise behavior is influenced by both human cognition and external stimuli.

Social persuasion

Verbal and nonverbal tactics used by others in an attempt to increase a person’s self-efficacy.

Subjective norm

A construct reflecting behavior that an individual feels social pressure to perform.


An attempt to explain why a behavior or phenomenon occurs.

Vicarious experiences

The experience of a sensation, situation, or behavior via imagined participation in another individual’s encounter; a source of self-efficacy.