Chapter 08

For each term below, first note how you would define the term. Then, click on the arrow to reveal the book’s definition.

Anorexia nervosa

An eating disorder characterized by the refusal to maintain a minimally healthy weight, an intense fear of gaining weight, body image disturbance, and, in women, absence of at least three consecutive menstrual cycles.

Binge-eating/purging type

A type of anorexia involving regular binge-eating and purging episodes.

Body composition

The relative amount of lean body mass versus fat in the body.

Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD)

Characterized by obsessive preoccupation with a perceived defect or flaw in physical appearance that is not observable or appears only slightly anomalous to others. 

Body ideal

An individual’s perception of how his or her body should look and function.

Affective/emotional dimension of body image

Feelings experienced in relation to one’s own body’s appearance and function.

Behavioral dimension

With regard to body image, things we do that reflect our positive or negative perceptions, thoughts, and feelings about our bodies.

Cognitive dimension of body image

How we think about or evaluate our body in terms of both its appearance and function.

Perceptual dimension of body iImage

An individual’s mental picture of his or her own body.

Body image disturbance

Negative self-evaluations along any or all of the body image dimensions; also known as negative body image or poor body image.

Body reality

An individual’s actual physical characteristics, such as height, weight, strength, and disease. When body reality is the same as or similar to body ideal, this is usually indicative of a healthy body image. When body reality is dissimilar to body ideal, there may be body image disturbance.

Bulimia nervosa

An eating disorder characterized by binge eating and dramatic behaviors to compensate for overeating (e.g., self-induced vomiting, strenuous exercise, inappropriate use of diuretics and/or laxatives).

General self-concept

The way in which we see or define ourselves.

Healthy body image

Positive self-evaluations in the perceptual, cognitive, affective, and behavioral dimensions of body image.

Muscle dysmorphia

A special type of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) characterized by a preoccupation with muscularity.

Nonpurging type

A type of bulimia involving regular use of compensatory behaviors, such as fasting or excessive exercising, but no purging episodes.

Physical acceptance

The extent to which an individual accepts who he/she is physically.

Physical competence

A generalized perception of competence with respect to one’s physical skills and abilities.

Physical self-concept

An individual’s judgment of his or her general physical abilities.

Physical self-efficacy

The extent to which an individual believes she or he will be successful in performing a desired behavior, given the situation and the abilities that the individual possesses.

Purging type

A type of bulimia that involves regular episodes of self-induced vomiting or the misuse of laxatives or diuretics.

Restricting type

A type of anorexia that involves no binge-eating or purging behaviors but rather the limitation of eating to the point where a minimally normal body weight is not maintained.

Self-concept

The way in which we see or define ourselves.

Self-esteem

The evaluative or affective consequence of one’s self-concept.

Social physique anxiety

The anxiety a person experiences when he or she perceives or imagines that others are evaluating his or her body.