Chapter 12

For each term below, first note how you would define the term. Then, click on the arrow to reveal the book’s definition.

Affect

A general, valenced response to a stimulus that does not require thought processes to precede it.

Categorical approach

An approach that assumes that affective states are distinct and have unique properties and antecedents.

Circumplex model

A model that describes affective states along the perimeter of a circle defined by the dimensions of affective valence and activation.

Dimensional approach

An approach that assumes that affective states are interrelated and can be accurately captured by a small number of dimensions.

Distinct-states approach

An approach that assumes that affective states are distinct and have unique properties and antecedents.

Emotion

A state of feeling elicited following an appraisal in which an object (a person or event) is determined to impact on the well-being of the individual.

Emotional well-being

A state characterized by a greater amount of positive affect than negative affect, along with favorable thoughts, such as satisfaction with life.

Energetic arousal (EA)

A dimension of the AD ACL characterized by feelings ranging from energy, vigor, and liveliness to fatigue and tiredness.

Exercise dependence syndrome

A craving for leisure-time physical activity, resulting in uncontrollable excessive exercise behavior that manifests in physiological and/or psychological symptoms.

Iceberg profile

Psychological profile of elite athletes based on various mood states.

Lactate threshold

The point at which lactate concentration in the blood exceeds the rate at which lactate is removed from the blood, resulting in excess lactate and a shift toward anaerobic metabolism.

Mood

A subjective state of feeling that has a cognitive basis and that can enhance or interfere with purposive behavior.

Overtraining

Training at a level greater than an individual is accustomed to in terms of frequency, intensity, and duration.

Primary exercise dependence

A psychological condition in which an individual perceives exercise as an end in itself.

Secondary exercise dependence

A psychological condition in which an individual uses exercise exclusively to control body composition.

Staleness syndrome

An aspect of overtraining characterized by increased negative mental health.

Tense arousal (TA)

A dimension of the AD ACL characterized by feelings ranging from subjective tension to placidity, quietness, and stillness.

Ventilatory threshold (VT)

The point at which the ventilator equivalent for oxygen continues to increase without a concomitant increase in the ventilator equivalent for carbon dioxide.