Chapter 14

For each term below, first note how you would define the term. Then, click on the arrow to reveal the book’s definition.

Activities of daily living (ADL)

Actions completed during the normal course of the day, such as going up and down stairs, carrying groceries, and walking.

Disease-specific measure

An assessment of people who have a specific disease or disabling condition.

Generic measure

Measures designed to assess multiple aspects of HRQoL across a wide range of patient populations (e.g., the SF-36).

Health-related quality of life (HRQoL)

Subjective perceptions of the “goodness” of those aspects of life that can be affected by health and health interventions.

Objective measure

A measure that can be made by someone other than the patient; such measures are usually quantitative in nature.

Proxy measure

A measure of HRQoL completed by a proxy (a person other than the patient), who is asked to rate the patient’s HRQoL because the patient cannot complete the questionnaire due to some physical or cognitive limitation.

Quality-adjusted life years (QALY)

An objective, numerical measure of QoL that represents the number of years a person is expected to live, adjusted for (or taking into account) health problems that may affect the quality of those remaining years.

Quality of life (QoL)

The overall “goodness” of a person’s life; includes both subjective and objective evaluations of all the factors that contribute to one’s life.

Special population

People with circumstances or conditions that require special attention (e.g., people with, or at increased risk for, chronic disease or disability).

Subjective measure

A measure of a patient’s perceptions, usually qualitative in nature.