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Holcomb Hathaway, Publishers

Chapter 4


comparative anatomy
regional anatomy
developmental anatomy
gross anatomy
pathological anatomy
systemic anatomy
CAT scan
PET scan
ultrasound sonography

Click here to view definitions for all words.


Click here to view this chapter’s lab.
View or print the lab as a PDF.

Study Questions

  1. Define anatomy.
  2. Name and describe the major subdivisions of anatomy.
  3. Why is a knowledge of anatomy essential to the exercise scientist?
  4. Why is the study of the history of anatomy important?
  5. What is the prescientific period? What is meant by the scientific period?
  6. Describe the major influence on the study of anatomy in ancient China.
  7. What major contributions to anatomy were made by Andreas Vesalius?
  8. What was William Harvey’s discovery, and why is it considered one of the major anatomical–medical advancements?
  9. What causes the different exposures on an X-ray film?
  10. What are the differences between a CAT scan, a PET scan, and an MRI?

Learning Activities

  1. Do an Internet search on “anatomy.” Choose three subdivisions of anatomy and write a paragraph briefly describing each of them.
  2. On the American Association of Anatomists (AAA) website (www.anatomy.org) research membership in this organization. Write a one-page report listing three of the benefits of membership and describe how you might benefit.
  3. Go to the PubMed website (www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/) to search for “anatomy” articles. Choose three articles and write a paragraph describing their potential impact on anatomy and/or exercise science.
  4. Research (using the Internet and/or written sources) the technologies used to study anatomy. Choose three technologies and describe how they have affected knowledge and understanding of anatomy and/or exercise science.
  5. Present an example of a research study in exercise science that involves anatomical knowledge.

Suggested Readings

Chung, K. W. (2005). Gross anatomy (5th ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Hall-Craggs, E. C. D. (1986). Anatomy as a basis for clinical medicine (2nd ed.). Baltimore: Urban & Schwarzeberg, Inc.
Moore, K. L., & Dalley, A. F. (2005). Clinically oriented anatomy (5th ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.