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Holcomb Hathaway, Publishers

Chapter 5


endocrine gland
fast-twitch glycolytic (FG)
sympathetic nervous system
adenosine triphosphate
autonomic nervous system
concentric contraction
eccentric contraction
ergogenic aid
fast-twitch oxidative glycolytic (FOG)
slow-twitch oxidative (SO)
VO2 max
anabolic steroids
blood doping
creatine supplementation
indirect calorimetry
parasympathetic nervous system

Click here to view definitions for all words.


Click here to view this chapter’s lab.
View or print the lab as a PDF.

Study Questions

  1. Distinguish between a response and an adaptation to exercise. Provide examples of each.
  2. Explain why the study of the cardiovascular system is of prime importance in the study of exercise physiology.
  3. Define ergogenic aid and provide examples of different ergogenic aids, describing their potential uses and dangers.
  4. Explain the importance of the study of exercise and the skeletal system.
  5. Describe the phases of cardiac rehabilitation programs.
  6. Define obesity, and outline current areas of study in exercise physiology related to obesity.
  7. Outline the advantages and disadvantages of treadmill versus cycle ergometer exercise modes.
  8. Explain the difficulty in defining an exercise physiologist.
  9. Describe the process of clinical exercise testing, and explain its uses.
  10. Explain the relationships among exercise physiology, physiology, and physical education.

Learning Activities

  1. Go to the NSCA website (www.nsca-lift.org/). Find information on the NSCA national conference and the NSCA Personal Trainers’ conference. List the dates and locations of these conferences. Choose two sessions from each conference that relate to exercise physiology and write a two to three-sentence summary for each session.
  2. Go to the AAHPERD website (www.aahperd.org/index.cfm). Describe the membership options and benefits as they relate to you.
  3. Visit the websites for the ACSM Certified Health Fitness Specialist certification and the NSCA Certified Personal Trainer certification. Compare the requirements for the two certifications.

Suggested Readings

Astrand, P. O., Rodahl, K., Dahl, H. A., & Stromme, S. (2003). Textbook of work physiology: Physiological bases of exercise (4th ed.). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.
Brooks, G. A., Fahey, T. D., & Baldwin, K. (2005). Exercise physiology: Human bioenergetics and its applications (4th ed.). Boston: McGraw-Hill.
Wilmore, J. H., & Costill, D. L. (2004). Physiology of sport and exercise (3rd ed.). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.