Chapter 07

For each term below, first note how you would define the term. Then, click on the arrow to reveal the book’s definition.

Content Area Literacy

Reading, writing, speaking, listening, viewing, and visually representing with a focus on the bodies of knowledge in the academic curriculum; e.g., English, science, social studies, mathematics.


A writing scaffold used for students to model how to organize a six-paragraph essay.

Expository Text

A text written in a precise, factual writing style.

Herringbone Strategy

A graphic organizer used with expository text to show who, what, when, where, why, and the main idea for a passage.

Informational Writing

Often called “expository writing,” allows students to explain ideas, objects, and processes to a reader in an understandable way while at the same time improving the writer’s own knowledge and understanding of the topic. Writing purpose may be discipline specific.

Narrative Text

Text that contains the structural features of a story.


Read, organize, write: a strategy used to help students write summaries. 


Processing text quickly, looking for some specific information—such as reading the blurb on the back of a book to decide if you want to read it, or when scanning a web page before clicking on a link to another page.


Reading that is done rapidly, but purposefully, to get a general idea what a selection is about. Readers engaged in skimming will be expected to get the main idea of the selection as well as a few supporting details.

SQ3R—Survey, Question, Read, Recite, Review

A study strategy that asks readers first to survey the material and form questions based on that survey, then to read, restate in their own words, and review or rehearse what was read to help their  comprehension and memory of the material.


A two-column list used to compare the information in the column heads.

Text-Based Collaborative Learning

A process in which students work with a partner or small group to clarify expository text.

Time/Order Chart

Sequencing to show chronological order.

Topic and Details Map

Charts showing relationships of details to main topic.

Venn Diagram

A set of overlapping circles used to graphically illustrate the similarities and differences of two concepts, ideas, stories, or other items.