Chapter 4: Directing



After reading this chapter, you should know . . .

  • How the director blocks talent, marks a script, and handles other preparation.
  • The nature of pre-studio, floor, and control room rehearsals.
  • How the AD uses a timing sheet and handles talent timing cues.
  • The difference between program time and body time.
  • Principles related to calling commands appropriately.
  • The long shot, medium shot, close-up pattern.
  • Placement of cameras.
  • Aesthetic principles related to cutting ratio, shot similarity, position jumps, and the axis of action.
  • The use of transitions such as cuts, dissolves, fades, defocusing, wipes, and digital effects.
  • The proper timing of transitions.
  • How the director interacts with cast and crew.


Interactive Blueprint

On Set Exercises

Review Exercises

Student Quiz

Key Terms List